Squeezebox Setup

Install Mail Part 2 – GMail Certs

I’ll be downloading my email from GMails pop service using fetchmail.  This is SSL only, so we need to sort out the certificates.  If you aren’t doing this (you’re just using a username and password combo) then you can totally skip this section.  Google’s SSL cert is signed by Equifax – so first we need to fetch that.

[root@tranquilpc ~]# cd /etc/pki/tls/
[root@tranquilpc tls]# wget -O Equifax_Secure_Certificate_Authority.pem \
>          https://www.geotrust.com/resources/root_certificates/certificates/Equifax_Secure_Certificate_Authority.cer
--17:44:28--  https://www.geotrust.com/resources/root_certificates/certificates/Equifax_Secure_Certificate_Authority.cer
Resolving http://www.geotrust.com… 65.205.249.113
Connecting to http://www.geotrust.com|65.205.249.113|:443… connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response… 200 OK
Length: 1162 (1.1K) [text/html]
Saving to: `Equifax_Secure_Certificate_Authority.pem’

100%[================================================================================================================================>] 1,162       --.-K/s   in 0.001s

17:44:29 (1.26 MB/s) – `Equifax_Secure_Certificate_Authority.pem’ saved [1162/1162]

[root@tranquilpc tls]# chmod 644 Equifax_Secure_Certificate_Authority.pem
[root@tranquilpc tls]# openssl x509 -in Equifax_Secure_Certificate_Authority.pem \
>                  -fingerprint -subject -issuer -serial -hash -noout
SHA1 Fingerprint=D2:32:09:AD:23:D3:14:23:21:74:E4:0D:7F:9D:62:13:97:86:63:3A
subject= /C=US/O=Equifax/OU=Equifax Secure Certificate Authority
issuer= /C=US/O=Equifax/OU=Equifax Secure Certificate Authority
serial=35DEF4CF
594f1775
[root@tranquilpc tls]

Next we need need to install the GMail cert.  The first thing we need is the c_rehash util, so lets install its package:

[root@tranquilpc tls]# yum install openssl-perl
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
* base: mirror.sov.uk.goscomb.net
* updates: mirror.sov.uk.goscomb.net
* addons: mirror.sov.uk.goscomb.net
* extras: mirror.sov.uk.goscomb.net
squeezecenter-release                                                                                                                             |  951 B     00:00
base                                                                                                                                              | 1.1 kB     00:00
updates                                                                                                                                           |  951 B     00:00
addons                                                                                                                                            |  951 B     00:00
extras                                                                                                                                            | 1.1 kB     00:00
Setting up Install Process
Parsing package install arguments
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package openssl-perl.i386 0:0.9.8e-7.el5 set to be updated
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

==============================================================================
Package                                     Arch                                Version                                       Repository                           Size
==============================================================================
Installing:
openssl-perl                                i386                                0.9.8e-7.el5                                  base                                 33 k

Transaction Summary
=========================================================================================================================================================================
Install      1 Package(s)
Update       0 Package(s)
Remove       0 Package(s)

Total download size: 33 k
Is this ok [y/N]: y

Next we need to actually acquite the certificate for GMail.  So use openssl to do this:

[root@tranquilpc tls]# openssl s_client -connect pop.gmail.com:995 -showcerts
CONNECTED(00000003)
depth=1 /C=US/O=Equifax/OU=Equifax Secure Certificate Authority
verify return:1
depth=0 /C=US/ST=California/L=Mountain View/O=Google Inc./CN=pop.gmail.com
verify return:1
---
Certificate chain
0 s:/C=US/ST=California/L=Mountain View/O=Google Inc./CN=pop.gmail.com
i:/C=US/O=Equifax/OU=Equifax Secure Certificate Authority
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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==
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

1 s:/C=US/O=Google Inc/CN=Google Internet Authority
i:/C=US/O=Equifax/OU=Equifax Secure Certificate Authority
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----
---
Server certificate
subject=/C=US/ST=California/L=Mountain View/O=Google Inc./CN=pop.gmail.com
issuer=/C=US/O=Equifax/OU=Equifax Secure Certificate Authority
---
No client certificate CA names sent
---
SSL handshake has read 883 bytes and written 300 bytes
---
New, TLSv1/SSLv3, Cipher is RC4-MD5
Server public key is 1024 bit
Compression: NONE
Expansion: NONE
SSL-Session:
Protocol  : TLSv1
Cipher    : RC4-MD5
Session-ID: 3CEEEC3E2F91886960ABFC2F1AA7F586D4F5C69442D7890AE04BA223F102A2CE
Session-ID-ctx:
Master-Key: 109E28BD74E451C20D5452F2B0F83EB8BC211B405F2A9274DD4331737ECC8B19A5E3CDDE1A2197042834472BA9977889
Key-Arg   : None
Krb5 Principal: None
Start Time: 1244647624
Timeout   : 300 (sec)
Verify return code: 0 (ok)
---
+OK Gpop ready for requests from 92.239.47.131 23pf4529878eya.23

To quit openssl just Ctrl-C out.  The bit we are interested in is the first certificate in the chain – in italics above.  Copy that section into a new file /etc/pki/tls/gmail.pem.  So the file will contain:

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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==
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

Next we need to run the c_rehash util:

[root@tranquilpc tls]# cd /etc/pki/tls
[root@tranquilpc tls]# c_rehash .
Doing .
cert.pem => f73e89fd.0
gmail.pem => 7f549ca4.0
Equifax_Secure_Certificate_Authority.pem => 594f1775.0

Finally we can test it all out:

[root@tranquilpc tls]# openssl s_client -connect pop.gmail.com:995 -CApath /etc/pki/tls
CONNECTED(00000003)
depth=2 /C=US/O=Equifax/OU=Equifax Secure Certificate Authority
verify return:1
depth=1 /C=US/O=Google Inc/CN=Google Internet Authority
verify return:1
depth=0 /C=US/ST=California/L=Mountain View/O=Google Inc/CN=pop.gmail.com
verify return:1
---
Certificate chain
0 s:/C=US/ST=California/L=Mountain View/O=Google Inc/CN=pop.gmail.com
i:/C=US/O=Google Inc/CN=Google Internet Authority
1 s:/C=US/O=Google Inc/CN=Google Internet Authority
i:/C=US/O=Equifax/OU=Equifax Secure Certificate Authority
---
Server certificate
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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==
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
subject=/C=US/ST=California/L=Mountain View/O=Google Inc/CN=pop.gmail.com
issuer=/C=US/O=Google Inc/CN=Google Internet Authority
---
No client certificate CA names sent
---
SSL handshake has read 1703 bytes and written 300 bytes
---
New, TLSv1/SSLv3, Cipher is RC4-MD5
Server public key is 1024 bit
Compression: NONE
Expansion: NONE
SSL-Session:
Protocol  : TLSv1
Cipher    : RC4-MD5
Session-ID: F212A222E99BA4431FEC4E77FF48AF95B71C5BA445D9E1028D003D96DF2E7B41
Session-ID-ctx:
Master-Key: 6FB5BEE3E4B1F4D3D8531A5020E3EED540919ABF2D8A65E38DE4AD3B3D218F24D81BDE996DBB69254574DD3B1EFE6246
Key-Arg   : None
Krb5 Principal: None
Start Time: 1268501178
Timeout   : 300 (sec)
Verify return code: 0 (ok)
---
+OK Gpop ready for requests from 94.169.188.64 l11pf6374136bkl.22

Ctrl-C again to exit.  The important bits are the Verify return code:0 (ok), and the final OK Gpop ready.  If you get them then you can connect to GMail.

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